Numerous memorial museums and museums at historical sites present the history of Judaism in Germany, which dates back far before the National Socialist era. Most of these are located on the sites of former synagogues.
The focus here is on conveying Jewish history and educating visitors about Jewish life, religion, rites, and traditions. Regional history traces local Jewish-Christian relations, as well as the stigmatisation and persecution of Jews over the centuries. Most of these memorial museums and museums also define themselves as Holocaust memorials and focus on the end of Jewish life during the Nazi era.
The authentic sites of the murder of European Jews by Germans and their allies during World War II are largely located in places outside Germany. Therefore, there are few memorial museums in Germany that focus exclusively on the murder of the Jews. At the same time, all memorial museums draw attention to the particular harassment of Jews in all persecution complexes. There continues to be a large number of memorial museums and Stumbling Stones, not included in this overview, that commemorate the fate of persecuted Jews.
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