Memorial museums also exist at sites of police detention and interrogation, at former offices of the Gestapo and other police groups, and in penitentiaries and prisons. They commemorate the imprisonment of political opponents, the victims of socio-racist exclusion, as well as thousands of resistance members from countries occupied during World War II, a large number of whom were executed.
Many of the prisons were built during the imperial period and later taken over by the Nazi justice system and police. Many continued to be used as detention centres after the liberation from Nazism. For this reason, some of the historical sites are not accessible today, which is why memorial museums could only be established on the fringes of such places of detention. As a result, some historical sites remain inaccessible to this day. Memorial museums have been set up in buildings - some historic, some newly constructed - on the outskirts of such detention sites.
The special significance of the involvement of the police and judiciary in the perpetration of Nazi crimes often becomes evident at the respective sites precisely through comparison with their other periods of use.
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